### Physics Courses (Courses Designated PHY)

**PHY 005 Concepts In Physics 4 Credits**

Fundamental discoveries and concepts of physics and their relevance to current issues and modern technology. For students not intending to major in science or engineering. Lectures, demonstrations, group activities, and laboratories using modern instrumentation and computers. This is a non-calculus course; no previous background in physics is assumed. Three class meetings and one laboratory period per week.

*Attribute/Distribution: NS*

**PHY 009 Introductory Physics I Completion 1-2 Credits**

For students who have Advanced Placement or transfer credit for 2 or 3 credits of PHY 11. The student will be scheduled for the appropriate part of PHY 11 to complete the missing material. The subject matter and credit hours will be determined by the Physics Department for each student. Students with AP Physics C credit for mechanics will take the thermodynamics and kinetic theory part of PHY 11 for one credit. Consent of department required.

*Prerequisites: MATH 021 or MATH 031 or MATH 051 or MATH 076 or MATH 075*

Can be taken Concurrently: MATH 021, MATH 031, MATH 051, MATH 076, MATH 075

Attribute/Distribution: NS

**PHY 010 General Physics I 4 Credits**

Statics, dynamics, conservation laws, thermodynamics, kinetic theory of gases, fluids. Primarily for architecture, biological science, earth and environmental science students.

*Prerequisites: MATH 021 or MATH 031 or MATH 051 or MATH 076 or MATH 075*

Can be taken Concurrently: MATH 021, MATH 031, MATH 051, MATH 076, MATH 075

Attribute/Distribution: NS

**PHY 011 Introductory Physics I 4 Credits**

Kinematics, frames of reference, laws of motion in Newtonian theory and in special relativity, conservation laws, as applied to the mechanics of mass points; temperature, heat and the laws of thermodynamics; kinetic theory of gases. Two lectures and two recitations per week.

*Prerequisites: MATH 021 or MATH 031 or MATH 051 or MATH 076 or MATH 075*

Can be taken Concurrently: MATH 021, MATH 031, MATH 051, MATH 076, MATH 075

Attribute/Distribution: NS

**PHY 012 Introductory Physics Laboratory I 1 Credit**

A laboratory course taken concurrently with PHY 10 or 11. Experiments in mechanics, heat, and DC electrical circuits. One three-hour laboratory period per week.

*Prerequisites: PHY 010 or PHY 011*

Can be taken Concurrently: PHY 010, PHY 011

Attribute/Distribution: NS

**PHY 013 General Physics II 3 Credits**

A continuation of PHY 10, primarily for biological science and earth and environmental science students. Electrostatics, electromagnetism, light, sound, atomic physics, nuclear physics, and radioactivity.

*Prerequisites: (PHY 010 or PHY 011) and (MATH 021 or MATH 031 or MATH 051)*

Can be taken Concurrently: MATH 021, MATH 031, MATH 051

Attribute/Distribution: NS

**PHY 019 Introductory Physics II Completion 1-2 Credits**

For students who have Advanced Placement or transfer credit for 2 or 3 credits of PHY 21. The student will be scheduled for the appropriate part of PHY 21 to complete the missing material. The subject matter and credit hours will be determined by the Physics Department for each student. Students with AP Physics C credit for electricity and magnetism will take the optics and modern physics part of PHY 21 for one credit. Consent of instructor required.

*Prerequisites: (PHY 010 or PHY 011) and (MATH 022 or MATH 032 or MATH 052)*

Attribute/Distribution: NS

**PHY 021 Introductory Physics II 4 Credits**

A continuation of PHY 11. Electrostatics and magnetostatics; DC circuits; Maxwell’s equations; waves; physical and geometrical optics; introduction to modern physics. Two lectures and two recitations per week. May not be taken by students who have previously completed PHY 023.

*Prerequisites: (PHY 010 or PHY 011) and (MATH 022 or MATH 032 or MATH 052)*

Attribute/Distribution: NS

**PHY 022 Introductory Physics Laboratory II 1 Credit**

A laboratory course to be taken concurrently with PHY 13 or 21. One three-hour laboratory period per week.

*Prerequisites: (PHY 012) and (PHY 021 or PHY 013 or PHY 023)*

Can be taken Concurrently: PHY 021, PHY 013, PHY 023

Attribute/Distribution: NS

**PHY 023 Introductory Physics II with Relativity 4 Credits**

A version of PHY 021 for students interested in majoring in physics or astrophysics, or students with a strong interest in related fields. It is well-suited for students with PHY 011 AP credit, or with PHY 021 AP credit who wish to replace that course with a more sophisticated version. The theory of electricity and magnetism is developed from a modern point of view, emphasizing the unity of electric and magnetic fields in the context of special relativity.

*Prerequisites: (PHY 010 or PHY 011) and (MATH 022 or MATH 032 or MATH 052)*

Attribute/Distribution: NS

**PHY 031 Introduction to Quantum Mechanics 3 Credits**

Experimental basis and historical development of quantum mechanics; the Schroedinger equation; one-dimensional problems; angular momentum and the hydrogen atom; many-electron systems; spectra; selected applications. Three lectures per week.

*Prerequisites: (PHY 013 or PHY 021 or PHY 023) *

Attribute/Distribution: NS

**P****HY** 72 Special Topics in Physics, 1-4 Credits

Selected topics not sufficiently covered in other courses.

*Repeat Status: Course may be repeated.*

Attribute/Distribution: NS

**PHY 120 Physics of Medical Imaging: Ultrasound and Radiography 2 Credits**

An introduction and analysis of the physical principles and effects that underlay medical imaging techniques such as those using ultrasound, x-rays or other high-energy radiation. The course will serve as an introduction to intermediate quantum physics and electromagnetism concepts and discuss the effects and data collection techniques that ultimately allow to create an image that a physician can interpret for clinical purposes.

*Prerequisites: ** **PHY 021 or PHY 013*

*Attribute/Distribution: NS*

**PHY 121 Physics of Medical Imaging: Ultrasound and Radiography, Supplement 1 Credit**

A supplementary course taken concurrently with PHY 120 [Physics of Medical Imaging: Ultrasound and Radiography]. Themes pertaining ultrasound and radiography will be covered more in depth, like for example: SPECT- and PET-scans, Beam forming and phased arrays, Dosimetry, Image formation (Radon transform and projection slice theorem).

*Prerequisites:* *PHY 021 or PHY 013*

Corequisites: PHY 120

*Attribute/Distribution:* *NS*

**PHY 122 Physics of Medical Imaging: Magnetic Resonance 2 Credits**

An introduction and analysis of the physical principles and effects that underlay medical imaging techniques based on nuclear magnetic resonance, such as MRI (Magnetic Resonance Imaging). The course will serve as an introduction to intermediate/advanced quantum physics and electromagnetism concepts and discuss the effects and data collection techniques that ultimately allow to create an image that a physician can interpret for clinical purposes.

*Prerequisites: ** PHY 021 or PHY 013*

*Attribute/Distribution: NS*

**PHY 123 Physics of Medical Imaging: Magnetic Resonance, Supplement 1 Credit**

A supplementary course taken concurrently with PHY 122 [Physics of Medical Imaging: Magnetic Resonance]. Themes pertaining magnetic resonance will be covered more in depth, like for example: Fourier analysis in spectroscopy, Advanced techniques in magnetic resonance (fMRI, DTI, mMRI, …).

*Prerequisites:* *PHY 021 or PHY 013*

Corequisites: PHY 122

Attribute/Distribution: NS

**P****HY** 142 Special Relativity, 3 Credits

A development of the special theory of relativity at an introductory/intermediate level. Starting from the equivalence between inertial reference frames, the course will introduce the Lorentz transformations, space and time in different reference frames, the new relativistic versions of kinematics and mechanics, and the relationship between relativity and eletromagnetism. Topics include momentum and energy, four-vectors, acceleration and forces, the relativistic version of Newton’s second law, zero-mass particles, and the relation between electric and magnetic fields.

*Prerequisites: PHY 021 or PHY 013*

Corequisites: PHY 122

Attribute/Distribution: NS

**P****HY** 172 Special Topics in Physics, 1-4 Credits

Selected topics not sufficiently covered in other courses.

*Repeat Status: Course may be repeated.*

Attribute/Distribution: NS

**PHY 212 Electricity and Magnetism I 3 Credits**

Electrostatics, magnetostatics, and electromagnetic induction.

*Prerequisites: PHY 021 or PHY 013*

Can be taken Concurrently: MATH 205

Attribute/Distribution: NS

**PHY 213 Electricity and Magnetism II 3 Credits**

Maxwell’s equations, Poynting’s theorem, potentials, the wave equation, waves in vacuum and in materials, transmission and reflection at boundaries, guided waves, dispersion, electromagnetic field of moving charges, radiation, Lorentz invariance and other symmetries of Maxwell’s equations.

*Prerequisites: PHY 212*

Attribute/Distribution: NS

**PHY 215 Classical Mechanics I 4 Credits**

Kinematics and dynamics of point masses with various force laws; conservation laws; systems of particles; rotating coordinate systems; rigid body motions; topics from Lagrange’s and Hamilton’s formulations of mechanics; continuum mechanics.

*Prerequisites: (PHY 021 or PHY 013 or PHY 023) and MATH 205*

Can be taken Concurrently: MATH 205

Attribute/Distribution: NS

**PHY 220 Advanced Physics Laboratory I 3 Credits**

In a lab/lecture format, students learn basic elements needed for experimental, observational and computational work in physics, astrophysics and other technical areas. This course and its continuation as PHY 221 include topics such as electronics, optics, vacuum systems, data acquisition and analysis, curve fitting, scientific computing, interfacing of computers to experiments, and modern machining. These methods will be utilized in the examination of various physical systems; e.g., atomic and molecular spectroscopy, astronomical observations, condensed-matter phenomena, and others.

*Prerequisites: (PHY 021 or PHY 023) and PHY 022 and CSE 002*

Attribute/Distribution: NS

**PHY 221 Advanced Physics Laboratory II 2 Credits**

This is a continuation of PHY 220.

*Prerequisites: (PHY 021 or PHY 023) and PHY 022 and PHY 220*

Attribute/Distribution: NS

**PHY 272 Special Topics In Physics 1-4 Credits**

Selected topics not sufficiently covered in other courses.

*Repeat Status: Course may be repeated.*

**PHY 273 Research 2-3 Credits**

Participation in current research projects being carried out within the department.

*Repeat Status: Course may be repeated.*

Attribute/Distribution: NS

**For Advanced Undergraduates And Graduate Students...**

**PHY 300 Apprentice Teaching 1-4 Credits**

**PHY 332 (ASTR 332) High-Energy Astrophysics 3 Credits**

Observation and theory of X-ray and gamma-ray sources, quasars, pulsars, radio galaxies, neutron stars, black holes. Results from ultraviolet, X-ray and gamma-ray satellites. Generally offered in the spring of odd-numbered years.

*Prerequisites: (PHY 021 or PHY 023) and (MATH 023 or MATH 033)*

Can be taken Concurrently: MATH 023, MATH 033

Attribute/Distribution: NS

**PHY 340 Thermal Physics 3 Credits**

Basic principles of thermodynamics, kinetic theory, and statistical mechanics, with emphasis on applications to classical and quantum mechanical physical systems.

*Prerequisites: (PHY 013 or PHY 021 or PHY 023) and (MATH 023 or MATH 032 or MATH 052)*

Attribute/Distribution: NS

**PHY 342 (ASTR 342) Relativity and Cosmology 3 Credits**

Special and general relativity. Schwarzschild and Kerr black holes. Super massive stars. Relativistic theories of the origin and evolution of the universe. Generally offered in the spring of even-numbered years.

*Prerequisites: (PHY 021 or PHY 023) and (MATH 023 or MATH 033)*

Can be taken Concurrently: MATH 023, MATH 033

Attribute/Distribution: NS

**PHY 348 Plasma Physics 3 Credits**

Single particle behavior in electric and magnetic fields, plasmas as fluids, waves in plasmas, transport properties, kinetic theory of plasmas, controlled thermonuclear fusion devices. Must have senior standing or consent of the department chair.

*Prerequisites: (PHY 021 or PHY 023) and MATH 205*

Attribute/Distribution: NS

**PHY 352 Modern Optics 3 Credits**

Paraxial optics, wave and vectorial theory of light, coherence and interference, diffraction, crystal optics, and lasers.

*Prerequisites: MATH 205 and (PHY 212 or ECE 202)*

Attribute/Distribution: NS

**PHY 355 Nonlinear Optics 3 Credits**

This course will introduce the fundamental principles of nonlinear optics. Topics include nonlinear interaction of optical radiation with matter, multi-photon interactions, electro-optics, self and cross phase modulation, and the nonlinear optical susceptibilities that describe all these effects in the mainframe of electromagnetic theory.

*Prerequisites: PHY 031 and (PHY 213 or ECE 203)*

Can be taken Concurrently: PHY 213, ECE 203

Attribute/Distribution: NS

**PHY 362 Atomic and Molecular Structure 3 Credits**

Review of quantum mechanical treatment of one-electron atoms, electron spin and fine structure, multi-electron atoms, Pauli principle, Zeeman and Stark effects, hyperfine structure, structure and spectra of simple molecules.

*Prerequisites: PHY 031 or CHM 341 and MATH 205*

Attribute/Distribution: NS

**PHY 363 Physics of Solids 3 Credits**

Introduction to the theory of solids with particular reference to the physics of metals and semiconductors.

*Prerequisites: (PHY 031 or MAT 316 or CHM 341) and PHY 340*

Can be taken Concurrently: PHY 340

Attribute/Distribution: NS

**PHY 364 Nuclear and Elementary Particle Physics 3 Credits**

Models, properties, and classification of nuclei and elementary particles; nuclear and elementary particle reactions and decays; radiation and particle detectors; accelerators; applications.

*Prerequisites: PHY 031 and MATH 205 and PHY 362*

Attribute/Distribution: NS

**PHY 365 Physics Of Fluids 3 Credits**

Concepts of fluid dynamics; continuum and molecular approaches; waves, shocks and nozzle flows; nature of turbulence; experimental methods of study.

*Prerequisites: (PHY 212 or ECE 202) and (PHY 340 or ME 104)*

Can be taken Concurrently: PHY 212, ECE 202, PHY 340, ME 104

Attribute/Distribution: NS

**PHY 366 Introduction to String Theory 3 Credits**

Introduction to string theory for upper-level undergraduates and beginning graduate students. Building on Einstein’s theory of general relativity and quantum theory, this course covers the fundamentals of string theory and the latest developments. Advanced topics such as D-branes, non-perturbative dualities and holography will also be covered. The material will be accessible to students who have a working knowledge of quantum mechanics and special relativity, and have had some exposure to general relativity. Instructor permission required in lieu of Phy 362/369.

*Prerequisites: **Phy 31, Phy 215, and (Phy 362 or Phy 369)*

*Can be taken Concurrently: PHY 369*

Attribute/Distribution: NS

**PHY 369 Quantum Mechanics I 3 Credits**

Principles of quantum mechanics: Schroedinger, Heisenberg, and Dirac formulations. Applications to simple problems.

*Prerequisites: PHY 031 and MATH 205 and PHY 215 and PHY 362*

Can be taken Concurrently: PHY 215

Attribute/Distribution: NS

**PHY 372 Special Topics In Physics 1-3 Credits**

Selected topics not sufficiently covered in other courses.

*Repeat Status: Course may be repeated.*

Attribute/Distribution: NS

**PHY 380 Introduction to Computational Physics 3 Credits**

Numerical solution of physics and engineering problems using computational techniques. Topics include linear and nonlinear equations, interpolation, eigenvalues, ordinary differential equations, partial differential equations, statistical analysis of data, Monte Carlo, and molecular dynamics methods.

*Prerequisites: MATH 205*

Can be taken Concurrently: MATH 205

Attribute/Distribution: NS

**PHY 382 Physics of Cells 3 Credits**

This course focuses on the physical principles underlying the organization of living cells, which spans several orders of magnitude in length and time. It provides an introduction to biological physics and relevant concepts of soft-matter physics. Topics include: self-organization of filaments and motor proteins of the cytoskeleton that determine cell shape and motion; the plasma membrane as a fluid responsive to environmental and biochemical signals; biological waves and pattern formation; mathematical modeling of biological systems; experimental methods and image analysis.

*Prerequisites: (PHY 010 or PHY 011) and (PHY 013 or PHY 021)*

Attribute/Distribution: NS

**PHY 389 Honors Project 1-8 Credits**

*Repeat Status: Course may be repeated.*

**Astronomy/Astrophysics Courses (Courses Designated ASTR)**

**ASTR 007 Introduction to Astronomy 3 Credits**

Introduction to planetary, stellar, galactic, and extragalactic astronomy. An examination of the surface characteristics, atmospheres, and motions of planets and other bodies in our solar system. Properties of the sun, stars, and galaxies, including the birth and death of stars, stellar explosions, and the formation of stellar remnants such as white dwarfs, neutron stars, pulsars, and black holes. Quasars, cosmology, and the evolution of the universe. May not be taken by students who have previously completed ASTR 105, PHY 105, ASTR 301, PHY 301, ASTR 302 OR PHY 302.

*Attribute/Distribution: NS*

**ASTR 008 Introduction to Astronomy Laboratory 1 Credit**

Laboratory to accompany ASTR 007. Must be enrolled concurrently in ASTR 007.

*Corequisites: ASTR 007*

Attribute/Distribution: NS

**ASTR 105 Introduction to Planetary Astronomy 3 Credits**

This course is an introduction to the solar system. Topics include observations of the sky, the transition from the geocentric to the heliocentric paradigm, gravitational interactions, formation and evolution of the solar system, the structure of and energy production in the Sun, survey of the planets in the solar system, including their dynamics, interiors, atmospheres, composition, and moons, the nature of asteroids, comets, and the Kuiper belt, and the study of exoplanets. Instructor permission required in lieu of Phy 5/10/11.

*Prerequisites: (PHY 005 or PHY 010 or PHY 011) ** *

*Attribute/Distribution: NS*

**ASTR 110 Methods of Observational Astronomy 1 Credit**

Techniques of astronomical observation, data reduction, and analysis. Photometry, spectroscopy, CCD imaging, and interferometry. Computational analysis. Examination of ground-based and spacecraft instrumentation, and data transmission, reduction, and analysis.

*Attribute/Distribution: NS*

**ASTR 272 Special Topics in Astronomy 1-4 Credits**

Selected topics not sufficiently covered in other courses.

*Repeat Status: Course may be repeated.*

Attribute/Distribution: NS

**ASTR 273 Research 2-3 Credits**

Participation in current research projects being carried out within the department.

*Repeat Status: Course may be repeated.*

Attribute/Distribution: NS

**For Advanced Undergraduates And Graduate Students...**

**ASTR 300 Apprentice Teaching 3 Credits**

**ASTR 301 Introduction to Stellar Astrophysics 3 Credits**

This course will take an observational, theoretical, and computational perspective to investigate the physics of stars. Students will learn how to measure fundamental stellar properties (distance, brightness, mass, radius, and temperature). Students will combine astronomical data analysis with physical modeling, including applications from classical mechanics, quantum mechanics, thermodynamics, electromagnetism, and nuclear physics, to describe the atmosphere, internal structure, energy generation, and evolution of stars. Additional topics include: binary stars, variable stars, supernovae, white dwarfs, neutron stars, pulsars, and black holes.

*Prerequisites: (PHY 010 or PHY 011) and (PHY 013 or PHY 021 or PHY 023) and PHY 031 and (MATH 022 or MATH 032 or MATH 052)*

Attribute/Distribution: NS

**ASTR 302 Introduction to Galactic and Extragalactic Astrophysics 3 Credits**

This course covers the astrophysics of the universe from stars to cosmological structure. We explore star clusters and stellar populations, and examine the components, structure, and dynamics of the Milky Way Galaxy. We investigate galactic morphology, classification, and evolution, including active galaxies and quasars. The course concludes with a short introduction to cosmology and an overview of galaxy clusters and intergalactic structure.

*Prerequisites: (PHY 010 or PHY 011) and (PHY 013 or PHY 021 or PHY 023) and (MATH 022 or MATH 032 or MATH 052) and ASTR 301*

Attribute/Distribution: NS

**ASTR 332 (PHY 332) High-Energy Astrophysics 3 Credits**

Observation and theory of X-ray and gamma-ray sources, quasars, pulsars, radio galaxies, neutron stars, black holes. Results from ultraviolet, X-ray and gamma-ray satellites. Generally offered in the spring of odd-numbered years.

*Prerequisites: (PHY 021 or PHY 023) and (MATH 023 or MATH 033)*

Can be taken Concurrently: MATH 023, MATH 033

Attribute/Distribution: NS

**ASTR 342 (PHY 342) Relativity and Cosmology 3 Credits**

Special and general relativity. Schwarzschild and Kerr black holes. Super massive stars. Relativistic theories of the origin and evolution of the universe. Generally offered in the spring of even-numbered years.

*Prerequisites: (PHY 021 or PHY 023) and (MATH 023 or MATH 033)*

Can be taken Concurrently: MATH 023, MATH 033

Attribute/Distribution: NS

**ASTR 372 Special Topics in Astronomy 1-4 Credits**

Selected topics not sufficiently covered in other courses.

*Repeat Status: Course may be repeated.*

Attribute/Distribution: NS

**ASTR 389 Honors Project 1-6 Credits**

*Repeat Status: Course may be repeated.*