### Physics Courses (Courses Designated PHY) for Advanced Undergraduates and Graduate Students

**PHY 300 Apprentice Teaching 1-4 Credits**

**PHY 332 (ASTR 332) High-Energy Astrophysics 3 Credits**

Observation and theory of X-ray and gamma-ray sources, quasars, pulsars, radio galaxies, neutron stars, black holes. Results from ultraviolet, X-ray and gamma-ray satellites. Generally offered in the spring of odd-numbered years.*Prerequisites:* *(PHY 021 or PHY 023) and (MATH 023 or MATH 033)**Can be taken Concurrently: MATH 023, MATH 033**Attribute/Distribution: NS*

**PHY 340 Thermal Physics 3 Credits**

Basic principles of thermodynamics, kinetic theory, and statistical mechanics, with emphasis on applications to classical and quantum mechanical physical systems.*Prerequisites: (PHY 013 or PHY 021 or PHY 023) and (MATH 023 or MATH 032 or MATH 052)**Attribute/Distribution: NS*

**PHY 342 (ASTR 342) General Relativity 3 Credits**

Special and general relativity. Schwarzschild and Kerr black holes. Super massive stars. Relativistic theories of the origin and evolution of the universe. Generally offered in the spring of even-numbered years.*Prerequisites: (PHY 021 or PHY 023) and (MATH 023 or MATH 033)**Can be taken Concurrently: MATH 023, MATH 033**Attribute/Distribution: NS*

**PHY 348 Plasma Physics 3 Credits**

Single particle behavior in electric and magnetic fields, plasmas as fluids, waves in plasmas, transport properties, kinetic theory of plasmas, controlled thermonuclear fusion devices. Must have senior standing or consent of the department chair.*Prerequisites: (PHY 021 or PHY 023) and MATH 205**Attribute/Distribution: NS*

**PHY 352 Modern Optics 3 Credits**

Paraxial optics, wave and vectorial theory of light, coherence and interference, diffraction, crystal optics, and lasers.*Prerequisites: MATH 205 and (PHY 212 or ECE 202)**Attribute/Distribution: NS*

**PHY 355 Nonlinear Optics 3 Credits**

This course will introduce the fundamental principles of nonlinear optics. Topics include nonlinear interaction of optical radiation with matter, multi-photon interactions, electro-optics, self and cross phase modulation, and the nonlinear optical susceptibilities that describe all these effects in the mainframe of electromagnetic theory.*Prerequisites: PHY 031 and (PHY 213 or ECE 203)**Can be taken Concurrently: PHY 213, ECE 203**Attribute/Distribution: NS*

**PHY 362 Atomic and Molecular Structure 3 Credits**

Review of quantum mechanical treatment of one-electron atoms, electron spin and fine structure, multi-electron atoms, Pauli principle, Zeeman and Stark effects, hyperfine structure, structure and spectra of simple molecules.*Prerequisites: PHY 031 or CHM 341**Attribute/Distribution: NS*

**PHY 363 Physics of Solids 3 Credits**

Introduction to the theory of solids with particular reference to the physics of metals and semiconductors.*Prerequisites: (PHY 031 or MAT 316 or CHM 341) and PHY 340**Can be taken Concurrently: PHY 340**Attribute/Distribution: NS*

**PHY 364 Nuclear and Elementary Particle Physics 3 Credits**

Models, properties, and classification of nuclei and elementary particles; nuclear and elementary particle reactions and decays; radiation and particle detectors; accelerators; applications.*Prerequisites: PHY 031 and MATH 205**Attribute/Distribution: NS*

**PHY 365 Physics Of Fluids 3 Credits**

Concepts of fluid dynamics; continuum and molecular approaches; waves, shocks and nozzle flows; nature of turbulence; experimental methods of study.*Prerequisites: (PHY 212 or ECE 202) and (PHY 340 or ME 104)**Can be taken Concurrently: PHY 212, ECE 202, PHY 340, ME 104**Attribute/Distribution: NS*

**PHY 366 Introduction to String Theory 3 Credits**

Introduction to string theory for upper-level undergraduates and beginning graduate students. Building on Einstein’s theory of general relativity and quantum theory, this course covers the fundamentals of string theory and the latest developments. Advanced topics such as D-branes, non-perturbative dualities and holography will also be covered. The course content is appropriate to students who have a working knowledge of quantum mechanics and special relativity, and have had some exposure to general relativity. Instructor permission required in lieu of Phy 362/369.*Prerequisites: PHY 031 and PHY 215 and (PHY 362 or PHY 369)**Can be taken Concurrently: PHY 369**Attribute/Distribution: NS*

**PHY 369 Quantum Mechanics I 3 Credits**

Principles of quantum mechanics: Schroedinger, Heisenberg, and Dirac formulations. Applications to simple problems.*Prerequisites: PHY 031 and MATH 205 and PHY 215**Can be taken Concurrently: PHY 215**Attribute/Distribution: NS*

**PHY 372 Special Topics In Physics 1-3 Credits**

Selected topics not sufficiently covered in other courses.*Repeat Status: Course may be repeated.**Attribute/Distribution: NS*

**PHY 380 Introduction to Computational Physics 3 Credits**

Numerical solution of physics and engineering problems using computational techniques. Topics include linear and nonlinear equations, interpolation, eigenvalues, ordinary differential equations, partial differential equations, statistical analysis of data, Monte Carlo, and molecular dynamics methods.*Prerequisites: MATH 205**Can be taken Concurrently: MATH 205**Attribute/Distribution: NS*

**PHY 382 Physics of Cells 3 Credits**

This course focuses on the physical principles underlying the organization of living cells, which spans several orders of magnitude in length and time. It provides an introduction to biological physics and relevant concepts of soft-matter physics. Topics include: self-organization of filaments and motor proteins of the cytoskeleton that determine cell shape and motion; the plasma membrane as a fluid responsive to environmental and biochemical signals; biological waves and pattern formation; mathematical modeling of biological systems; experimental methods and image analysis.*Prerequisites: (PHY 010 or PHY 011) and (PHY 013 or PHY 021)**Attribute/Distribution: NS*

**PHY 389 Honors Project 1-8 Credits***Repeat Status: Course may be repeated.*

**For Graduate Students...**

**PHY 420 Mechanics 3 Credits**

Includes the variational methods of classical mechanics, methods of Hamilton and Lagrange, canonical transformations, Hamilton-Jacobi Theory.

**PHY 421 Electricity & Magnetism I 3 Credits**

Electrostatics, magnetostatics, Maxwell’s equations, dynamics of charged particles, multipole fields.

**PHY 422 Electricity & Magnetism II 3 Credits**

Electrodynamics, electromagnetic radiation, physical optics, electrodynamics in anisotropic media. Special theory of relativity.*Prerequisites: PHY 421*

**PHY 424 Quantum Mechanics II 3 Credits**

General principles of quantum theory; approximation methods; spectra; symmetry laws; theory of scattering.*Prerequisites: PHY 369*

**PHY 425 Quantum Mechanics III 3 Credits**

A continuation of Phys 424. Relativistic quantum theory of the electron; theory of radiation.*Prerequisites: PHY 424*

**PHY 428 Methods of Mathematical Physics I 3 Credits**

Analytical and numerical methods of solving the ordinary and partial differential equations that occur in physics and engineering. Includes treatments of complex variables, special functions, product solutions and integral transforms.

**PHY 429 Methods of Mathematical Physics II 3 Credits**

Continuation of Physics 428 to include the use of integral equations. Green's functions, group theory, and more on numerical methods.*Prerequisites: PHY 428*

**PHY 431 Theory Of Solids 3 Credits**

Advanced topics in the theory of the electronic structure of solids. Many-electron theory. Theory of transport phenomena. Magnetic properties, optical properties. Superconductivity. Point imperfections.*Prerequisites: PHY 363 and PHY 424*

**PHY 442 Statistical Mechanics 3 Credits**

General principles of statistical mechanics with application to thermodynamics and the equilibrium properties of matter.*Prerequisites: PHY 340 and PHY 369*

**PHY 443 Nonequilibrium Statistical Mechanics 3 Credits**

A continuation of PHY 442. Applications of kinetic theory and statistical mechanics to nonequilibrium processes; nonequilibrium thermodynamics.*Prerequisites: PHY 442*

**PHY 446 Atomic and Molecular Physics 3 Credits**

Advanced topics in the experimental and theoretical study of atomic and molecular structure. Topics include fine and hyperfine structure, Zeeman effect, interaction of light with matter, multi-electron atoms, molecular spectroscopy, spectral line broadening atom-atom and electron-atom collisions and modern experimental techniques.*Prerequisites: PHY 424*

**PHY 455 Physics of Nonlinear Phenomena 3 Credits**

Basic concepts, theoretical methods of analysis and experimental development in nonlinear phenomena and chaos. Topics include nonlinear dynamics, including period-multiplying routes to chaos and strange attractors, fractal geometry and devil’s staircase. Examples of both dissipative and conservative systems will be drawn from fluid flows, plasmas, nonlinear optics, mechanics and waves in disordered media. Must have graduate standing in science or engineering, or consent of the chairman of the department.

**PHY 462 Theories of Elementary Particle Interactions 3 Credits**

Relativistic quantum theory with applications to the strong, electromagnetic and weak interactions of elementary particles.*Prerequisites: PHY 425*

**PHY 471 Continuum Mechanics 3 Credits**

An introduction to the continuum theories of the mechanics of solids and fluids. This includes a discussion of the mechanical and thermodynamical bases of the subject, as well as the use of invariance principles in formulating constitutive equations. Applications of theories to specific problems are given.

**PHY 472 Special Topics In Physics 1-3 Credits**

Selected topics not sufficiently covered in other courses.*Repeat Status: Course may be repeated.*

**PHY 474 Seminar In Modern Physics 3 Credits**

Discussion of important advances in experimental physics.*Repeat Status: Course may be repeated.*

**PHY 475 Seminar In Modern Physics 3 Credits**

Discussion of important advances in theoretical physics.*Repeat Status: Course may be repeated.*

**PHY 482 Applied Optics 3 Credits**

Review of ray and wave optics with extension to inhomogenous media, polarized optical waves, crystal optics, beam optics in free space (Gaussian and other types of beams) and transmission through various optical elements, guided wave propagation in planar waveguides and fibers (modal analysis), incidence of chromatic and polarization mode dispersion, guided propagation of pulses, nonlinear effects in waveguides (solitons), periodic interactions in waveguides, acousto-optic and electro-optics.*Prerequisites: PHY 352*

**PHY 490 Thesis 1-6 Credits**

**PHY 491 Research 3 Credits**

Research problems in experimental or theoretical physics.

**PHY 492 Research 3 Credits**

Continuation of PHY 491.*Repeat Status: Course may be repeated.*

**PHY 499 Dissertation 1-15 Credits***Repeat Status: Course may be repeated.*

### Astronomy/Astrophysics Courses (Courses Designated ASTR) for Advanced Undergraduates and Graduate Students

**ASTR 300 Apprentice Teaching 3 Credits**

**ASTR 301 Introduction to Stellar Astrophysics 3 Credits**

This course will take an observational, theoretical, and computational perspective to investigate the physics of stars. Students will learn how to measure fundamental stellar properties (distance, brightness, mass, radius, and temperature). Students will combine astronomical data analysis with physical modeling, including applications from classical mechanics, quantum mechanics, thermodynamics, electromagnetism, and nuclear physics, to describe the atmosphere, internal structure, energy generation, and evolution of stars. Additional topics include: binary stars, variable stars, supernovae, white dwarfs, neutron stars, pulsars, and black holes.*Prerequisites: (PHY 010 or PHY 011) and (PHY 013 or PHY 021 or PHY 023) and PHY 031 and (MATH 022 or MATH 032 or MATH 052)**Attribute/Distribution: NS*

**ASTR 302 Introduction to Galactic and Extragalactic Astrophysics 3 Credits**

This course covers the astrophysics of the universe from stars to cosmological structure. We explore star clusters and stellar populations, and examine the components, structure, and dynamics of the Milky Way Galaxy. We investigate galactic morphology, classification, and evolution, including active galaxies and quasars. The course concludes with a short introduction to cosmology and an overview of galaxy clusters and intergalactic structure.*Prerequisites: (PHY 010 or PHY 011) and (PHY 013 or PHY 021 or PHY 023) and (MATH 022 or MATH 032 or MATH 052) and ASTR 301**Attribute/Distribution: NS*

**ASTR 332 (PHY 332) High-Energy Astrophysics 3 Credits**

Observation and theory of X-ray and gamma-ray sources, quasars, pulsars, radio galaxies, neutron stars, black holes. Results from ultraviolet, X-ray and gamma-ray satellites. Generally offered in the spring of odd-numbered years.*Prerequisites: (PHY 021 or PHY 023) and (MATH 023 or MATH 033)**Can be taken Concurrently: MATH 023, MATH 033**Attribute/Distribution: NS*

**ASTR 342 (PHY 342) Relativity and Cosmology 3 Credits**

Special and general relativity. Schwarzschild and Kerr black holes. Super massive stars. Relativistic theories of the origin and evolution of the universe. Generally offered in the spring of even-numbered years.*Prerequisites: (PHY 021 or PHY 023) and (MATH 023 or MATH 033)**Can be taken Concurrently: MATH 023, MATH 033**Attribute/Distribution: NS*

**ASTR 372 Special Topics in Astronomy 1-4 Credits**

Selected topics not sufficiently covered in other courses.*Repeat Status: Course may be repeated.**Attribute/Distribution: NS*

**ASTR 389 Honors Project 1-6 Credits***Repeat Status: Course may be repeated.*

**For Graduate Students...**

**ASTR 410 Stellar Atmospheres and Spectroscopy 3 Credits**

The course will explore models of the thermodynamic structure of a star’s outermost atmosphere to predict its emitted energy spectrum and spectral line production. Applications of spectroscopy to binary stars, exoplanet host stars, and other astrophysical systems will be presented.

**ASTR 411 Stellar Structure and Evolution 3 Credits**

The course discusses how to model the physical and thermodynamic structure of a star, from its core to the surface. Computational techniques of stellar modeling, including polytropes, are presented. Applications of stellar modeling to asteroseismology, magnetic fields, and rapidly rotating stars are presented.

**ASTR 472 Special Topics in Astronomy 1-4 Credits**

Selected topics not sufficiently covered in other courses.*Repeat Status: Course may be repeated.*